Group Riding, Pacelines, and Drafting


Hand/Voice Signals


 





Slowing/Stopping


To indicate to cyclists behind: you are slowing; or, intend to bring your bicycle to a complete stop, very soon.
This gesture may be made with either hand; and, should be visible to a cyclist immediately behind you.
Your hand may be placed on your small-of-back with palm facing backward, alternatively.

This can be combined with a "Slowing!" or
"Stopping!" shout. 

(Avoid making a very sudden stop while braking with one hand.) 
 
 




Turn Signals


Right or left arm horizontally-extended is to indicate your intention to make a right or left turn, respectively. 

This can be combined with a "Right Turn!" or
"Left Turn!" shout.

 





Turn Signals, alternative

Right or left arm horizontally-extended with forearm bent to vertical: to indicate intention to make a left or 
right turn, respectively. 

This can be combined with a "Left Turn!" or
"Right Turn!" shout.

This (alternative) signal is made if straight-arm signal may not be visible to some, further back

Hazard
This signal is to identify a hazard: Pothole, sewer grate, manhole cover, or....

Point-out hazard ahead/beforehand, allowing a few seconds travel-time; so it may be avoided. Also, steer well-clear of such hazard; so anyone following you may see them past you.

One near the end of group may choose to take-the-lane while approaching any such hazard/obstruction. 

Loose Surface
This signal is used to alert cyclists of a hazard which may cause traction loss. 
Wave open palm to ground on the appropriate side.
(Examples: loose gravel; sand; and, broken glass.) 

One near the end of group may choose to take-the-lane while approaching any such hazard. 

Move Over

This signal is to indicate (avoidable) obstacle, (such as parked car, oncoming runner, narrow bridge, impeding sign, or slower rider).


Either hand waving behind your back. A motion going from right-to-left signals move left. 


One near the end of group may choose to take-the-lane while approaching any such obstruction. 


Leaving (Front of) Paceline 
Performed by first-in-paceline, this signal indicates completion of pull-turn for your paceline

Choose which side by glancing to see where the cyclist-immediately-behind is. Move away from cyclist-immediately-behind-side.
(A peek under your arm, or a glance in a rear-view mirror, may be easier than looking over-your-shoulder to locate it.)

Repeatedly flick your elbow, to left or to right, a few seconds before gradually moving your path-line sufficiently to opposite side; then, cyclist immediately behind you pass-by on flicked-to-side. 
 

Shouts


 Ambient noise from traffic or other sources may present problems with hearing; so, be aware of conditions, and use precautions to ensure safety.
Below are a few of the basic shouts for riding with FCCC.

 

Slowing or Stopping:

Shout "slowing!," or "stopping!"; if you are going to be decelerating your bicycle quickly.   


Car Back:

One near the back of the group may shout "Car Back!" when a vehicle is approaching from behind; and it is attempting to pass. 

 

Car Up, Rider Up, Walker Up, or "you-name-it" Up:

"Car Up!" is shouted by someone of the group when there is a threat from a vehicle going the opposite direction.  

"Rider Up!" or "Walker Up!" is shouted when there is bike rider on a trail coming toward the group in the opposite direction or the group soon will be overtaking a Cyclist or Walker in the direction the group is headed.


Rolling:

A shout of “Rolling!” is to alert cyclists behind you: you will be rolling-through a yellow traffic signal light; because, you believe it is safe. 

This shout is to allow cyclists behind you to make their own decision of whether to announce they will be “Rolling!”; or, “Slowing!”; and/or, “Stopping!”.



League of American Bicyclists Five Rules of the Road

and, Colorado Department of Transportation Colorado Bicycling Manual.


Beach City Cycling Club: "Pace Line Basics" by Al Burdulis

"15 Tips for Riding in Paceline" by John Mash




FCCC - Fort Collins Cycling Club

Powered by Wild Apricot Membership Software